Cherry also known as Prunus Serotina is a species of tree found mostly in the eastern part of north America. It is also known as Black Cherry or American Cherry.
The tree can grow up to 30 meters with the trunk radius of about 1.5 meters. It has a mild, distinctive scent while being worked with. Cherry is famous among the wood family for its workability. It has proven to be stable, straight-grained and machine friendly as well. The complications arise when the wood is being stained, because it can give blotchy results using a sanding sealer prior to staining. Using a gel-based stain is preferred. Sapwood is common and may contribute to a high wastage factor.
The heartwood is light pinkish brown in color when freshly cut and darkens to a medium reddish brown with time and upon exposure to light. It is known to have resistance against decay and is extremely durable. The black cherry takes on a rich reddish-brown patina as it ages that’s frequently imitated with wood stains on other hardwoods such as Yellow Poplar also known as Liriodendron Tulipifera. The aging process can be accelerated by exposing it to direct sunlight.
The wood grain is straight and is very easy to work with, with the exception of figured pieces with curly grain patterns. It has a fine even texture with moderate natural luster. But, the sawdust released while working with cherry can give serious respiratory problems such as wheezing.
Cherry is a domestic lumber, therefore the price is moderate. It costs rather more than the typical Oak and/ or Maple, usually close to the cost of Walnut. Cherry is commonly used to build Cabinetry, Fine furniture, Flooring, Interior Millwork, and many more.
Related Species: Apricot (Prunus Americana), Plum (Prunus Domestica), Sweet Cherry (Prunus Avium)